Effect of the 1 - day and 3 - day HIV prevention programs to knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and preventive behavior among secondary school male students

 ABSTRACT

The prevalence rate of HIV infection among teenagers has increased every yearin Thailand. High prevalence of risky sexual behaviors and lack of information, preventive skill support mean that adolescents face high risk of HIV/AIDS. Therefore, HIV prevention programis necessary for reducing the number of HIV rate in Thailand.

Objective

The purpose of this study was to investigate an effect of 3-day HIV prevention program compared to 1-day HIV prevention program among secondary school male students.

Methods

A randomized control trial was conducted for 66 secondary male students and assigned the experimental group (3-day program, n= 33) and the comparison group (1-day program, n= 33). The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model (IMB model) was used as a conceptual framework. The program intervention in both groups included promoting HIV information and its prevention, positive attitude toward HIV prevention, and practiced HIV preventive skills. The participants of 3-day program were received intervention for 60 minutes each day and the participants of 1-day program were received intervention for 90 minutes. In addition, discussion time in 3-day program were longer than those in 1-day program. Whereas skills practicing in 1-day program were greater than those in 3-day program. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires at baseline, after intervention, and 2-week follow up. The data were analyzed by applying descriptive statistics and independent t-test.

Results

The mean scores of knowledge about HIV and its prevention, self-efficacy toward HIV prevention and HIV preventive behaviors between 1-day and 3-day programs were not statistical different at the end of the study. However, the participants in the 3-day program had higher mean score of attitude toward HIV prevention than those in the 1-day program at the end of study.

Conclusion

This study yielded evidence for the benefits of using The IMB Model as a framework for HIV prevention program among secondary male students to promote HIV preventive behavior.

Keywords

HIV prevention, male students, IMB Model, attitudes, self-efficacy

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Copyright 2012 TẠP CHÍ Y DƯỢC HỌC VIỆT NAM XUẤT BẢN BẰNG TIẾNG ANH

Giấy phép số 2477/GP-BTTTT ngày 19/12/2012.

Tổng biên tập: PGS.TS Nguyễn Thị Kim Tiến - Bộ trưởng Bộ Y tế

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