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Knowledge, attitude and practice in physical activity among elderly type 2 diabetic patients

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Nhung Dao Thi, Huyen Vu Thi Thanh

 ABSTRACT

Sedentariness and type 2 diabetes are major public health and economical problems worldwide. It is well-established that increasing physical activity (PA) plays a fundamental role in reducing risk of type 2 diabetes as well as non-pharmaceutical therapy in diabetic treatment. Many people are not active, however, and lack of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on PA has been identified as the main reason for physical inactivity.

Objectives   

The purpose of the study was to describe KAP on PA and to identify some factors affecting KAP on PA among elderly T2DM.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 108 elderly patients with T2DM at National Geriatric Hospital and Endocrinology Diabetes Department in Bach Mai Hospital. A validated questionnaire which built based on questionnaires named Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and International Physical Activity Questionnaire to collect data.

Results

Of the 108 patients recruited, 83.3% of people had good and moderate knowledge of PA, 92.6% of participants had positive attitude, only 24.1% reported PA that meet the recommended guidelines. Age and educational levels were associated with knowledge of PA. Different educational levels were statistically significance with attitude. A positive relation exists between educational level, monthly pension, occupation and residential place and practice to PA.

Conclusions

Most of the diabetic patients had knowledge and positive attitude to PA, but some met recommendation of PA guidelines. The researchers will take the results to encourage DM patients exercise regularly in the future.

Key words

Physical activity, type 2 diabetes mellitus

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